Let’s Discuss Dementia Care Tips Older Adults Must Follow

Let’s Discuss Dementia Care Tips Older Adults Must Follow

Research shows that almost 55 million people across the globe have dementia. Almost 60% of those having this condition belong to low- and middle-income countries. For those unaware, dementia refers to the impaired ability of a person to think rationally and make adequate decisions. 

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Such people also have trouble remembering information. There are many types of dementia, but the most popular one is Alzheimer’s. What’s important to understand before reading further is that dementia is not a part of normal aging. People with dementia may face the following problems; 

  • Focusing on the task at hand
  • Communicating with others as dementia patients often tend to forget the topic of conversation.
  • Remembering basic information, like friends and loved ones’ names, home addresses, etc.
  • Dementia also has severe impacts on an individual’s visual perception. 
  • Making fair judgments with logical explanations 

What Exposes A Person To The Risk Of Dementia? 

There are multiple factors that can lead to the development of dementia in an individual. Here’s a list with a brief description to help you understand better; 

  • Family history: People whose parents, siblings, or even grandparents have dementia are vulnerable to getting it. 
  • Weakened Heart Health: Conditions like high cholesterol and high blood pressure can lead to dementia. Smoking is also one of the causes. 
  • Age: This is a common factor, but please note that it mostly affects people who are 65 years or older. 
  • Brain Injury: A traumatic brain injury, depending on its severity, also causes dementia. 

While these factors expose you to the risk of getting dementia, it is wise to seek treatment beforehand upon noticing the signs of such a condition.  

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What Are The Signs Of Dementia? 

It is indeed very hard for the patient to realize the situation themselves. It is usually a close friend or family member who reports these signs if they are aware of the common signs of dementia. Here are a few indications of this condition that calls for an instant diagnosis from a primary care physician; 

  • Inability to complete tasks without requiring assistance. 
  • Speaking strange words while conversing with others. 
  • Getting annoyed by minor inconveniences and ending up fighting with others over unnecessary or made-up issues. 

As stated earlier, dementia patients often forget. They may not remember a significant event from the past, among other things. Individuals who go through such conditions lack self-awareness and need others to treat them with compassion. 

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Dementia Care Tips For Elders 

It is vital to realize that a person facing dementia requires assistance. It may come from hired help like a nurse or a family member/friend who volunteers to look after the patient. Regardless, the caring excels as the condition progresses. Here are a few useful dementia care tips for elders; 

Make Their Surroundings Safe 

We already know that dementia affects a person’s ability to think and overcome barriers. Hence, they become prone to injuring themselves. Make sure to clear the pathway for them to walk around without falling over. It is advisable to install handrails in places where the risk of falling is higher. 

Experts also suggest making sure dementia patients don’t smoke. Put away matches, lighters, and flammable items while keeping a fire extinguisher within reach for safety reasons. You must also install locks in cabinets that store harmful products, alcohol, weapons, etc. 

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Take The Right Measures To Handle Their Frustration 

While taking care of someone with dementia, the key is to be patient and make sure they don’t get agitated. Ask that person to participate in activities independently as much as possible. For example, let them bathe and dress. It is vital not to rush them when they are doing a task. 

It is advisable to follow a routine and to stick to it. However, it is also nice to deviate from the routine to have some fun every once in a while. Make sure not to have any distractions in the surroundings when doing a task for improved concentration.

Taking multiple and long naps is not a wise choice as it can lead to confusing days with nights and vice versa. Moreover, being straightforward with people who have dementia without complicating things is better. 

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Additional Guidelines

Here are a few more dementia care tips for elders; 

  • Enforce positivity and hide all negativities. 
  • Plan an activity by defining simple, separate steps to complete it. 
  • Be kind and patient without showing anger or disagreement toward a person going through such a condition. 
  • Be attentive when they speak and make them feel heard.
  • Supervise hygiene and diet. 

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A study says that there is no treatment for dementia as there are multiple reasons behind this condition. However, it is possible to handle its effects on a person’s mind and body. Follow the care tips stated above to stay ahead.